GPU based real-time instrument tracking with three-dimensional ultrasound

Authors

Paul M. Novotny, Jeff A. Stoll, Nikolay V. Vasilyev, Pedro J. del Nido, Pierre E. Dupont, Todd E. Zickler, Robert D. Howe



Abstract

Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound enables new intracardiac surgical procedures, but the distorted appearance of instruments in ultrasound poses a challenge to surgeons. This paper presents a detection technique that identifies the position of the instrument within the ultrasound volume. The algorithm uses a form of the generalized Radon transform to search for long straight objects in the ultrasound image, a feature characteristic of instruments and not found in cardiac tissue. When combined with passive markers placed on the instrument shaft, the full position and orientation of the instrument is found in 3D space. This detection technique is amenable to rapid execution on the current generation of personal computer graphics processor units (GPU). Our GPU implementation detected a surgical instrument in .31 ms, sufficient for real-time tracking at the 25-volumes per second rate of the ultrasound machine. A water tank experiment found instrument orientation errors of 1.1 and tip position errors of less than 1.8mm. Finally an in vivo study demonstrated successful instrument tracking inside a beating porcine heart.

BibTex entry

@article { 188, title = {GPU based real-time instrument tracking with three-dimensional ultrasound}, journal = {GPU based real-time instrument tracking with three-dimensional ultrasound}, year = {2007}, month = {5 July 2007}, pages = {7}, publisher = {Elsevier}, chapter = {458}, author = {Paul M. Novotny, Jeff A. Stoll, Nikolay V. Vasilyev, Pedro J. del Nido, Pierre E. Dupont, Todd E. Zickler, Robert D. Howe} }